1. Buy companies that have disciplined plans for achieving dramatic long-range profit growth and have inherent quailities making it difficult for newcomers to share in that growth.
2. Buy companies when they are out of favour.
3. Hold a stock until either (a) there has been a fundamentall change in its nature (e.g., big management changes), or (b) it has grown to a point where it no longer will be growing faster than economy as a whole.
4. De-emphasize the importance of dividends. (CW8888: We should be looking at both dividend and dividend payout ratio at the same time, and not just based on dividend alone. High dividend payout ratio will return high dividend yield. It is expected and nothing extraordinary about it. This is how market works in the long-run)
5. Recognise that making some mistakes is an inherent cost of investment. Taking small profits in good investments and letting losses grow in bad ones is a sign of abominable investment judgement.
6. Accept the fact that only a relatively small number of companies are tryuly outstanding. Therefore, concentrate your funds in the most desirable opportunities. Any holding of over twenty stocks is a sign of a financial incompetence.
7. Never accept blindly whatever may be the dominant current opinion in the financial community. Nor should you reject the prevailing view just for the sake of being contrary.
8. Understand that success greatly depends on a combination of hard, intelligence, and honesty.
Last updated : 14 Sep 2020
I am 64 yrs old uncle living in HDB heartland who has achieved financial independence @ 56 and finally retired @ 60 from full-time job as employee on 1 Oct 2016.
Single household income since 1995 with three children.
Currently, two sons and one daughter are working.
I have been doing 21 years of long-term investing and short-term trading in Singapore stock market only since Jan 2000 so I am that so-called Panda or Koala in the investment world.
I am currently executing my Three Taps solution model to maintain sustainable retirement income for life till 2041 @ 85 yrs old.
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